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Friday, May 1, 2020 | History

3 edition of century of soil salinity research in India found in the catalog.

century of soil salinity research in India

I. C. Gupta

century of soil salinity research in India

an annotated bibliography, 1863-1976

by I. C. Gupta

  • 351 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by Oxford & IBH Pub. Co. in New Delhi .
Written in English

    Places:
  • India
    • Subjects:
    • Soils, Salts in -- India -- Bibliography.,
    • Soils, Salts in -- Research -- India -- Bibliography.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes indexes.

      StatementI. C. Gupta, K. N. Pahwa.
      ContributionsPahwa, K. N., joint author.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsZ5074.S7 G86, S595 G86
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxii, 400 p. ;
      Number of Pages400
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4386186M
      LC Control Number78904453

      Accumulation of excess salts in the root zone resulting in a partial or complete loss of soil productivity is a worldwide phenomenon. The problems of soil salinity are most widespread in the arid and semi-arid regions but salt affected soils also occur extensively in sub-humid and humid climates, particularly in the coastal regions where the ingress of sea water through estuaries and rivers. season. These salinity values are averaged to estimate the mean soil salinity encountered by the crop. Soil salinity is conveniently estimated from the electrical conductivity (EC) of water extracted from the soil at some reference water content, e.g. that present in a saturated soil paste. Although the EC of the saturated-soil extract (EC,) is.


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century of soil salinity research in India by I. C. Gupta Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Twentieth century soil salinity research in India: an annotated bibliography, [I C Gupta; K N Pahwa; Jai Singh Pal Yadav].

Salinity Research in India: An Overview. Soil Salinity Research in India. It is only during the middle of the 19 th century that salinity was recognize d as. Get this from a library. A century of soil salinity research in India: an annotated bibliography, [I C Gupta; K N Pahwa].

The Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (acronym CSSRI) is an autonomous institute of higher learning, established under the umbrella of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India for advanced research in the field of soil Institute is located on Kachawa Road in Karnal, in the state of Haryana, km from the Indian Location: Karnal, Haryana, India.

46 2 Soil Salinity: Historical Perspectives and a World Overview of the Problem (EAD), Middle East (Hussein ; Shahid et al. ), and Australia (Oldeman et al. Soil salinity is the term used to designate a condition in which the soluble salt content of the soil reaches a level harmful to crops (Childs and Hanks, ).

M.A. Crimmins, in Environmental and Pollution Science (Third Edition), Soil salinity is a measure of. Soil salinity control relates to controlling the problem of soil salinity and reclaiming salinized agricultural land.

The aim of soil salinity control is to prevent soil degradation by salination and reclaim already salty (saline) soils. Soil reclamation is also called soil improvement, rehabilitation, remediation, recuperation, or.

The problem of soil salinity has existed for centuries. History records that the collapse of ancient Mesopotamia was partly due to crop failure caused by saline soils (1). Saline soils contain high accumulation of soluble salts; which include sulphates, carbonates, chlorides and in some cases nitrates of calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium Author: Arit Efretuei.

Water and soil management practices have facilitated agricultural production on soil marginalized by salinity but an additional gain from these approaches seems problematic (Zahir et al., ). Impacted soils are a major limiting production factor worldwide for every major crop (Bacilio et al., ; Shannon and Grieve, ).Cited by: Routine soil testing can identify your soil’s salinity.

levels and suggest measures you can take to correct the specific salinity problem in your soil. Salinity and salt. The terms salt and salinity are often used inter-changeably, and sometimes incorrectly. A salt is sim-ply an inorganic mineral that can dissolve in Size: KB.

Soil Salinity in India 1. SOIL SALINITY IN INDIA GEETIKA SALUJA Semester-III ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2. Soil to mankind is a basic natural resource. Soil is a mixture of solid, liquid and gaseous substances, forms the top most layer of the Earth’s crust. yield decline per unit increase of soil salinity, and the yield benefit to be expected from a salinity control program under farmers' conditions.

The data were collected during and in the Sampla pilot area by the Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India. Key-words. soil salinity News: Latest and Breaking News on soil salinity.

Explore soil salinity profile at Times of India for photos, videos and latest news of soil salinity. Also find news, photos and. INAE Distinguished Professor, Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, India S.

Gupta, PhD, CE, received his BSc () and MSc () degree in Agricultural Engineering from Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India; and PhD in from Jawahar Lal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, India. View Soil Salinity Research Papers on for free.

Abstract. A long term field experiment was initiated during to evaluate the effect of poor quality sub soil water singly and in combination with canal water on various crops in a clay loam soil at Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad, by: 3. Soil Salinity and Sodium Toxicity.

Accumulation of soluble salts can occur in soils to levels that can adversely affect crop growth and yield. Salt-affected soils exist mostly under arid and semiarid regions. Major cations in salt-affected soils are Na +, Ca 2 +, Mg 2 +, and, to a lesser extent, potassium (K +).

Abstract. Climate change, land degradation and food insecurity are serious challenges to mankind in the twenty-first century. Globally, significant cultivable area is far behind from their actual productivity potential due to soil salinity and alkalinity : R.

Yadav, Ashim Datta, J. Dagar. The Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (CSSRI), a part of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) system, focuses on reclamation and sustainable management of salt affected soils and on the rational use of poor quality waters in agriculture.

Soil Salinity Research Institute, Pindi Bhattian, Pindi Bhattian, Pakistan. 1, likes 16 talking about this. SOIL SALINITY RESEARCH INSTITUTE WORKS WITH THREE BASIC FACTORS1.

Salt affected Followers: K. INDIA is in "imminent danger of losing a large part of its productive lands through soil salinisation", says N T Singh of the Central Soil Salinity Research Institute in Karnal. Soil salinity is natural to the subcontinent, points out Singh.

Even in ancient India, in the period between BC and AD, soils had been classified as urvara. Figure Diagnosing soil salinity using visual soil properties. The first profile represents a typical well-drained, non-saline soil profile in a recharge area. Net movement of water is downward through the profile, with the development of a B horizon verifying this process.

Traditionally, 4 levels of soil salinity based on saline irrigation water have been distinguished (Table 2), low salinity defined by electrical conductivity of less than mmhos cm-1 (in current terminology equal to dS m-1); medium salinity ( to dS m-1); high salinity ( to dS m).

Soil Salinity & Water Quality 1st Edition by R. Chhabra (Author) ISBN ISBN Why is ISBN important. ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The digit and digit formats both work. Cited by: Published.

Available now. Pub Date: August Hardback Price: see ordering info Hard ISBN: E-Book ISBN: Pages: pp w/Index Binding Type: hardback Series: Innovations in Agricultural and Biological Engineering Notes: 13 color and 25 b/w illustrations.

In a majority of cultivated plants, yields start declining even at relatively low salinity in irrigation water (EC w > dS/m) (e.g. Ayers & Westcot, ) or soil (EC se >1 dS/m in saturated soil extracts) (see Table 1 in Chinnusamy et al., ).

Increased soil salinity may induce various primary and secondary salt Cited by: means of quantifying soil salinity. Other water extracts (e.g., from or soil:water mixtures) can be used, but these do not lend themselves as well to compari-sons with other data reported in the soil science litera-ture, to standard interpretation in relation to actual field salinity, or to making direct use of available crop re-File Size: 61KB.

This book is mainly about the contribution that scientific research has made to may occur where poor drainage and high soil salinity come together. In these areas salt with substantial land areas affected in India and China and large proportions of the irrigated land affected in.

Whereas irrigation and drainage are intended to address the shortage and surplus of soil water, respectively, an important aspect to address is also the management of salinity.

Plants have a limited tolerance for soil water salinity, and despite significant gaps in our practical knowledge, an impression of acceptable salinities is available for many : Sjoerd E.A.T.M.

van der Zee, Sija F. Stofberg, Xiaomei Yang, Yu Liu, Md. Nazrul Islam, Yin Fei Hu. UNDER SALT-AFFECTED SOIL IN INDIA Dinesh K. Sharma Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, India. Dinesh Kumar Sharma holds a doctorate degree in Agriculture with specialiazation in Agronomy from Uviversity of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, and he is a Director of Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, by: 1.

Summary. This important volume, Soil Salinity Management in Agriculture, addresses the crucial issue of soil salinity of potential farmland and provides a comprehensive picture of the saline environment and plant interactions, along with management and reclamation methods and contributions from researchers from the fields of agricultural chemistry, soil science, biotechnology.

Soil Salinity under Irrigation: Processes and Management - Ebook written by I. Shainberg, J. Shalhevet. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Soil Salinity under Irrigation: Processes and Management.

Conventional breeding programs for salinity tolerance include the development of rice, wheat and Indian mustard varieties tolerant to salt and to alkali soils by the Central Soil Salinity Research Institute in Karnal, India (7) and efforts to incorporate salt tolerance to wheat from wild related species (8).

This important volume, Soil Salinity Management in Agriculture, addresses the crucial issue of soil salinity of potential farmland and provides a comprehensive picture of the saline environment and plant interactions, along with management and reclamation methods and contributions from researchers from the fields of agricultural chemistry, soil science, biotechnology, agronomy.

Other articles where Soil salinity is discussed: Australia: Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: The threat of soil salinization was reported later, especially in the irrigation districts where it was associated with overwatering and poor drainage.

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS LAND USE, LAND COVER AND SOIL SCIENCES – Vol. V – The Salinity and Alkalinity Status of Arid and Semi-Arid Lands - Willy R.

Dierickx ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) The concentration of Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ in the saturation extract of a soil can easily be determined and SARse can then be calculated or read from the nomogram (Figure 2). Links to Salinity web sites. USDA-NRCS Water Quality & Quantity Team.

Management of Saline/Sodic Soils: Course material from the USDA- NRCS training course, Management of Saline and Sodic Soils (), a series of five Training Notes by Dr. James D. Rhoades, USDA-ARS Salinity Laboratory, Riverside, California. Training Note 1: Determining Soil Salinity in the Field From Measurements of.

No.1) at CSSRI, REGIONAL RESEARCH STATION, ICCMRT Building, 2nd floor, 21/,Ring Road, indira nagar, Lucknow and for posts of projects 2 to 4 at CENTRAL SOIL SALINITY RESERCH INSTITUTE, ZARIFA FARM, KACHHWA ROAD, KARNAL on at a.m. and Candidates shall bring the following documents alongwith complete biodata.

Decem Soil Salinity by Les Henry 36 When a soil is at Field Capacity moisture and we add ONE INCH of rain the effect on the water table rise will be: * 6 Inches for a loamy sand soil *One FOOT for a Clay soil Note: Above rule of thumb is NOT in Henry’s Handbook. This spreadsheet contains the SALF salinity modelling tool described in the Salinity Management Handbook.

This is an updated and enhanced version, SALF2, vb, which was released 9th September SALF2 is a salinity, soil, water. SALINITY MANAGEMENT: THE CSSRI EXPERIENCE AND FUTURE RESEARCH AGENDA' N.K. Tyagi Director, Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (CSSRI), Karnal -Havana, India Abstract Salt affected soils are an important ecological entity in the landscape in most arid and semi-arid regions.Lesson Learnt from Large Scale Sodic Soil Reclamation in Gangetic Plains in Uttar Pradesh DK Sharma, Emeritus Scientist ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Lucknow –India E-mail: [email protected] Introduction Global demand for food, fiber and bio-energy is growing at the rate of per cent.Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research Vol.

16, EFFECT OF SOIL SALINITY ON GROWTH, WATER STATUS AND NUTRIENT ACCUMULATION IN SEEDLINGS OF Ziziphus mauritiana (RHAMNACEAE) M amta J. Bhatt, Ashish D.

Patel, Pranali M. Bhatti and Amar Nath Pandey Department of Biosciences, Saurashtra University Rajkot –INDIA.